Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae. The 30–species occur across much of the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. Een andere afbeelding melden Meld de aanstootgevende afbeelding. Hornbeam is a broadleaf tree native to the south of the UK.
Learn how to identify this tree , the wildlife it supports and threats, like Phytophthora, it faces.
The hornbeam tree info in this article will help you decide whether the tree is right for you, and tell you how to care for it. An attractive, densely branche columnar tree when young, aging into a stately, broad cone shape with handsome, flute gray bark. Distinctive, dark green foliage turns yellow-orange in fall.
Plant in groups as a screen or windbreak, or use as a specimen in a narrow yard or street side. Takes well to hard pruning as a . New leaves emerge reddish-purple, changing to dark green, then turn yellow to orange-red in the fall, offering a kaleidoscope of color throughout the year. European hornbeam , Carpinus betulus.
Carpinus is Latin for “ hornbeam ;” betulus means “birch-like” because the tree looks similar to a birch tree. Another name is common hornbeam. The leaves will also change colors in the fall.
Latin Name: The scientific name for this tree species is Carpinus caroliniana. It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) . The trunk and branches of this tree have ridges that look like muscles. It will tolerate flooding. A tree with a maximum height of 25m (80ft) though often less, it is upright when young but eventually forms a . Not to be confused with hophornbeam, hornbeam or “musclewood” is so named because of its distinct bark – smooth, bluish-gray with a muscle-like surface. Hornbeams are small trees with fine textured or “feathery” leaves, adding delight to any yard or garden.
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The Hornbean or Carpinus betulus belongs to the birch, hazel and alder family (Betulaceae). Hornbeams are often to be found on clay soils through the South East (growing to a height of 20M), common in places like the Epping and Hainault Forests. The tree provides a habitat for the larvae (caterpillar stage) of .
It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade , but be dense in full sun. The muscle-like bark is smooth, gray, and fluted. Ironwood has a slow growth rate and is reportedly difficult to transplant from a field .